Bladder infections are most commonly caused by E. coli bacteria, according to WebMD. These bacteria, which live in the gut of most people, cause a bladder infection when they enter the urethra and travel to the bladder. Most common in women, bladder infections are easily cured and not considered serious. However, when left untreated, they can cause complications such as kidney infections and permanent kidney damage.Continue Reading
The pathway from the anus to the urethra is shorter in women, and researchers think this may make women more susceptible to bladder infections, according to WebMD. In some cases, a woman develops a bladder infection following sex or after having frequent sex. Pregnant women are also at an increased risk of developing a bladder infection due to changes in hormones and increased kidney function during pregnancy. Diaphragm and spermicide use can increase the risk of developing a bladder infection. In men, a bladder infection is more rare, and can be a sign of an underlying problem, such as an obstruction in the urinary tract. In other cases, bladder infections are caused by chlamydia or mycoplasma.
A bladder infection is diagnosed through a urine test, according to WebMD. Bladder infections are treated using antibiotics, based on the type and severity of the infection.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases