Bladder diverticulum surgery is the surgical correction of a protruding pocket in the bladder wall, says Urology Care Foundation. Bladder diverticula are either congenital or acquired, and often the congenital variety never require surgery.
Most bladder diverticulum surgeries correct acquired diverticula that result from a blockage in the bladder, says Urology Care Foundation. Urethral scar tissue or a swollen prostate are common causes of blockage, but earlier bladder surgery can cause this as well. The goal of bladder diverticulum surgery is to remove the blockage and, in some cases, the diverticulum itself. Some patients require open surgery, while other cases involve the insertion of tubes into the bladder or even the assistance of small robots. Complications sometimes arise if the diverticulum is infected and any tumors from the diverticulum require testing for cancer.
After diverticulum surgery, patients need to use catheters for up to two weeks, notes Urology Care Foundation. Intestinal damage, damage to the ureters, a leaking bladder and infection are all potential complications after surgery, and a doctor often continues to monitor the bladder and any remaining diverticulums via a cytoscope for awhile after surgery. In many cases the patient requires no further surgery after the removal of the blockage.