Black spots on the gums can occur as a result of bruising, hyper-pigmentation, amalgam tattoos or hardened plaque, according to HealthGuidance. Although black spots on the gums are typically only a cosmetic concern, in very rare cases they can be a symptom of oral malignant melanoma, the worst type of skin cancer.Continue Reading
As the gums are darker than other areas of the body, bruises that appear there are darker as well, explains HealthGuidance. Small black bruises on the gums sometimes occur as a result of impact to the mouth or over-aggressive brushing.
More common in people with dark complexions, an excess amount of pigment can cause black spots throughout the gums. These genetically inherited discolorations are completely harmless, but if a person finds them cosmetically unattractive, the spots can be removed with laser treatments, according to HealthGuidance.
In some instances, hardened plaque, or tartar, can attach to the gums and cause discolorations, states HealthGuidance. A dentist can remove discolorations caused by plaque. Practicing good dental hygiene can prevent accumulation of plaque.
Amalgam tattoos are gum discolorations that occur due to silver filling particles that become rooted in the gums, according to HealthGuidance. The silver causes a harmless darkening of the gums that a dentist can remove.Learn more about Dental Hygiene
Some causes of dark spots on the gums are melanin pigmentation, amalgam tattoos, smoker's melanosis, some medical conditions and oral malignant melanoma, according to the Oral Cancer Foundation. Most dark spots that appear on the gum, such as amalgam tattoos and melanin pigmentation, are harmless, while others are more serious.Full Answer >
Plaque disclosing tablets, such as the one manufactured by Crest, work by highlighting the areas on one’s teeth that have plaque on them. These tablets usually consist of a non-toxic red vegetable dye that clings to the bacteria film known as plaque that forms on one’s teeth during the day.Full Answer >
Toothpastes employ the use of mildly abrasive ingredients that are able to scrub away food and plaque while not inflicting damage upon the enamel, fluoride to shield the enamel from future harm, and antibacterial substances to reduce buildup of plaque over time.The active ingredients, such as baking soda, fluoride, and hydrogen peroxide, work together with the non-active ingredients, including preservatives and flavors, to safely clean enamel, according to Wikipedia.Full Answer >
Many possible side effects can arise without regular teeth brushing, the most common of which include plaque and tartar build-up. Other common side effects include cavities, swollen gums and bad breath.Full Answer >