Birmingham hip resurfacing is an alternative to total hip replacement for patients experiencing pain in the femur from such diseases as avascular necrosis, dysplasia or arthritis. Candidates eligible for the procedure are either active patients under the age of 60 or nonsedentary patients over 60 with an acceptable bone screening, according to the Orthopaedic Clinic of Daytona Beach.
A traditional total hip replacement surgery requires removing the femoral head. Then, the surgeon positions a sheath down the shaft of the femur, forming the new hip joint. The Birmingham hip resurfacing procedure preserves the femoral neck and head, composing a sturdier joint than the traditional surgery, explains the Orthopaedic Clinic of Daytona Beach.
The Birmingham hip resurfacing component fits over the femoral head, forming a newly constructed ball-and-socket joint. This new ball, constructed of an acetabulum for the socket and a femoral component for the ball, snaps into place similar to the total hip replacement. This newly constructed ball and socket is sturdier and less likely to experience dislocation, states the Orthopaedic Clinic of Daytona Beach. Resurfacing is more stable and longer lasting than total hip replacement. Even if the patient requires surgery in the future, resurfacing lessens the severity and trauma of a subsequent traditional total hip replacement surgery.