Bipolar tests are performed when symptoms such as dramatic and unpredictable mood swings are present, states WebMD. Bipolar testing includes a physical examination, psychological evaluation, mood charting and comparing symptoms with criteria for bipolar and related disorders using the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" adds Mayo Clinic.
A variety of symptoms are associated with bipolar disorder, which range from mild to severe, states WebMD. Although there are a number of different types of bipolar disorders, common symptoms include mania, which may present as excessive happiness or excitement; irritability; restlessness; and increased energy. Other symptoms include a reduced need for sleep, racing thoughts, a high sex drive and a tendency to make grand and unattainable plans.
Depression symptoms are common in bipolar patients, which include sadness, anxiety, irritability, loss of energy and uncontrollable crying. Changes in appetite causing weight loss or gain, an increased need for sleep, difficulty making decisions, and thoughts of death or suicide may also be present, adds WebMD. Complications of bipolar disorder include self-injurious behaviors such as self-mutilation as an attempt to manage difficult emotions of anger, anxiety and frustration, notes WebMD. Whether a patient is going through episodes of mania or depression, 10 to 15 percent of individuals with bipolar disorder commit suicide.