Bilateral partial salpingectomy is a surgical procedure that is used to sterilize a woman and make it impossible for her to have children; however, it is also used as a form of contraception and a way to prevent ovarian cancer, according to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Bilateral partial salpingectomy is a popular choice because of its simplicity and its high rate of effectiveness.
The technique involves first elevating the proximal area of the tubal ampulla and then bilaterally tying up the tube and performing hemostasis. From here, the tube is tied and a portion of the tube is removed, writes the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. At the end of the procedure, the tube is back in its normal positioning. Most women recover quickly after the surgery and are able to resume normal activities.
The bilateral partial salpingectomy method is effective at preventing unwanted pregnancies by making it impossible to conceive. However, it is less effective at preventing cancer. It is true that the bilateral partial salpingectomy helps prevent ovarian cancer by lowering the risk in women, but it increases the risk of other cancers and diseases such as osteoporosis, cognitive deterioration and cardiovascular diseases, according to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.