Benzoylecgonine, also known as ecgonine benzoate, is the main metabolite of cocaine. Produced by hydrolysis, benzoylecgonine can be detected in urine for a minimum of 5 days after usage of cocaine. Heavy usage can lead to detection up to a month after usage, and it can take heavy users up to four months to clean out their system completely.Continue Reading
No other drug, prescription or illegal, produces the same metabolite as benzoylecgonine, making it a clear indication of cocaine usage. WebMD reports that 14 percent of adults in the United States have tried cocaine. Men between the ages of 18-25 are the biggest cocaine users.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that comes in two forms: powdered and crack. The drug blocks neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine from being reabsorbed. This can lead to euphoric feelings such as elevated mood and a feeling of supremacy. However, it can also lead to feelings of paranoia, irritability, and anxiety. WebMD explains that cocaine use also increases heart rate and constricts blood vessels, which can lead to heart attacks, strokes, ulcers, and kidney stones.
Stopping the use of cocaine after regular usage can lead to intense withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms typically include depression, anxiety, intense craving for cocaine, aches, pains, tremors, and difficulty concentrating.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
To treat mite bites on the skin, or scabies, dermatologists often prescribe creams such as permethrin cream, benzyl benzoate lotion, sulfur ointment or crotamiton cream, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. More serious cases may require ivermectin as well as antihistamines, antibiotics or steroids.Full Answer >
The popular soda Mountain Dew may create a number of negative health effects, including the potential to generate allergic reactions and exposing people to citric acid and sodium benzoate. In addition to having high levels of citric acid and sodium benzoate, which may irritate the stomach and esophagus, Mountain Dew contains high fructose corn syrup, which scientific studies correlate with increased incidences of liver problems.Full Answer >
The Food and Drug Administration has not determined a health risk from potassium benzoate within food and beverages as of 2014; however, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has established regulatory limits for potassium benzoate presence, according to the American Beverage Association. Potassium benzoate is a preservative.Full Answer >
Ethyl benzoate is an ester with a pleasant odor. It is commonly used as a flavoring agent in various substances. This ester is present in alcoholic beverages, fruits, milk, butter and black tea. For the most part, ethyl benzoate originates from food and is considered a nutrient.Full Answer >