Benign essential hypertension is also known as high blood pressure, and it means that one's blood pressure reading has come back at 140/90 or higher. This is a dangerous condition because it lacks outward symptoms but can cause stroke, heart attack and kidney failure, as stated by MedlinePlus.
People with high blood pressure are urged to make lifestyle changes to bring those numbers back down closer to a reading of 120/80. Some of those changes include quitting smoking, losing excess weight, eating plenty of vegetables, fruits and lowfat dairy products. Reducing sodium consumption below 1,500 milligrams per day is vital for people with benign essential hypertension, while 2,300 milligrams is the normal maximum for healthy adults. Restricting alcohol consumption to two drinks per day for men and one for women reduces blood pressure, and regular aerobic exercise for at least 30 minutes a day, several days each week, are two more ways to reduce blood pressure with lifestyle modifications, notes WebMD.
Doctors also use medications to treat benign essential hypertension. Such medication types as alpha-blockers, alpha-agonists, beta-blockers, renin inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, diuretics, angiotensin II receptor blockers and angiotensin-convertin enzyme inhibitors all reduce blood pressure for different people, according to WebMD. Physicians choose medications tailored to the needs of their individual patients.