The benefits of using the Braden Scale include improving the condition of a patient who is at risk for developing bedsores, or pressure ulcers, and reminding her caretakers to care for her in ways that minimize that risk, according to the Annals of Long Term Care. This leads to better physical and mental health for the patient.
The Braden Scale has six parameters that determine if a patient is at risk for bed sores, says the Annals of Long Term Care. They are sensory perception, moisture, activity, mobility and nutrition. Friction/shear is the last category. The score can range from 6 to 23, according to WoundRounds.
A patient who is at risk has a score of between 15 and 18, says WoundRounds. Caregivers must turn this patient regularly and encourage her to be as active as possible. Caregivers must protect her heels and manage her exposure to moisture and friction or shear.
A score of between 13 and 14 means the patient is at moderate risk, states WoundRounds. A score of 10 to 12 means the patient is at high risk, while a patient is at very high risk if the Braden score is a 9. The protocols for these risk categories is the same as for at-risk patients, with adjustments such as support by foam wedges, positioning in bed and the use of a pressure-redistribution surface in very high-risk patients.