The benefits of trigger finger surgery include quickly gaining the ability to properly move the affected fingers and fully regaining normal use of the hand after recovery is complete, according to the American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Physicians only consider surgical treatment for trigger finger after other more conservative treatment methods have failed.
The proper name for trigger finger is stenosing tenosynovitis, states the American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Stenosing tenosynovitis occurs when the tendon that controls the movement of a finger or thumb becomes inflamed and no longer moves smoothly. This keeps the finger from moving properly. Symptoms include pain, popping and catching sensations when moving or straightening the affected digit. In severe cases, the finger becomes difficult or impossible to bend or straighten.
Conservative treatment options include anti-inflammatory medications, wearing a splint or changing activities to reduce irritation, and steroid injections, maintains the American Society for the Surgery of the Hand. During surgery for trigger finger, the tunnel that surrounds the inflamed tendon is widened to allow for freer movement of the tendon. The surgery usually occurs under local anesthesia as an outpatient procedure. Most patients have some immediate relief after surgery. The recovery period lasts about three weeks.