Thiamine, or vitamin B1, plays a significant role in helping the body convert food into energy and ensuring body tissues function properly, according to Healthline. Thiamine is useful in the treatment of metabolic disorders, thiamine deficiency and brain disorders that result from thiamine deficiency, reports WebMD.
There is strong scientific evidence to support thiamines efficiency in treating complications associated with metabolic disorders that result from genetic diseases, explains Mayo Clinic. These complications include Leighs disease, pyruvate carboxylase deficiency, maple syrup urine disease and high blood levels of alanine.
Oral thiamine supplements help prevent and treat thiamine deficiency, says WebMD. The body can deplete its store of thiamine within 14 days if not replenished through diet, causing thiamine deficiency, notes Mayo Clinic. Alcoholics and those experiencing alcohol withdrawal have an increased risk of thiamine deficiency. It is important to treat thiamine deficiency before it becomes severe, as it can cause heart, nervous system, brain, muscle and stomach issues.
Thiamine also has the potential to prevent and reduce the risk of developing cataracts, says WebMD. Taking a high dosage of this vitamin can also help treat kidney disease in people with diabetes. In addition, early research suggests that thiamine can help with painful menstruation by reducing menstrual cramps, indicates Mayo Clinic.