The benefits of immunization according to the CDC, or Center for Disease Control and Prevention, include protecting children from serious and even deadly diseases. Risks are generally mild, such as redness and swelling.
Rarely, immunizations can result in more severe problems, such as allergic reactions, states the CDC. In order to soothe a child from the side effects of vaccinations, a parent should place a cool cloth on her head and monitor her closely over the next few days. If more severe allergic reactions start to manifest, a doctor needs to be consulted.
Immunizations are the best methods for protecting children from serious diseases that can be prevented through vaccines, says the CDC. As of 2015, kids are vaccinated against 16 diseases during the first 18 years of their lives. These diseases include hepatitis A and B, influenza, human papillomavirus, measles, mumps and diphtheria. Some other diseases vaccinated against are polio, rubella, whooping cough, tetanus and chickenpox. Children need to be vaccinated against certain diseases several times. Within the first two months of life, an infant needs two hepatitis B shots and several injections against diphtheria, tetanus, polio and influenza. After 18 years, a child should have received a three-dose series of HPV vaccine.