Although there is some evidence to support inositol's ability to treat certain mental health conditions, such as panic and obsessive-compulsive disorders, research is inconclusive as of 2015, explains WebMD. The chemical may also effectively treat polycystic disorder, acute respiratory distress syndrome and psoriasis from lithium exposure, according to some research.
Ongoing research investigates the substance’s effect on treating depression with the expectation that the substance could increase the effectiveness of antidepressants, but early research has failed to yield any evidence of positive interactions, notes WebMD. Research into the effect of inositol on other conditions, such as schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism, have similarly failed to yield conclusive positive results.
Inositol is a naturally occurring substance found in both animals and plants, and researchers can also manufacture it in laboratory settings. Individuals can ingest it as an oral supplement or introduce it intravenously in infants to treat acute respiratory distress syndrome. Initial research shows that it is safe for consumption in both adults and infants, but side effects can include headaches, light-headedness, vertigo, fatigue and nausea, reports WebMD. Due to the lack of research on its effects on pregnant and breastfeeding women, these women should avoid using the substance. Limited evidence suggests that consuming the substance may affect the symptoms of bipolar disorder by inducing or exacerbating mania.