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What are the benefits of gallbladder surgery?

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Painful cramping, vomiting and nausea due to gallstones are normally relieved with gallbladder removal, according to PubMed Health. Conditions such as jaundice and infections are also linked to gallbladder and bile duct stones. In certain situations, removal of the gallbladder prevents medical emergencies and long-term health issues.

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Some people with gallstones suffer from bowel obstruction or inflammation of the gallbladder, according to PubMed Health. Inflammation of the gallbladder can quickly lead to a serious infection, which has the potential to spread throughout the body, possibly causing sepsis and death. A fairly rare disorder called porcelain gallbladder, which causes thickened and calcified walls, leads to gallbladder cancer in seven out of 20 patients. While only three out of every 1,000 people with gallstones develop gallbladder cancer, removing the gallbladder in this type of situation, when other symptoms are present, is beneficial for the health of the patient.

A condition called pancreatitis is caused by a stone being lodged in the common bile duct, which is shared by the gallbladder and pancreas, notes PubMed Health. Pancreatitis is life-threatening if not treated quickly. Removing the gallbladder prevents this condition from occurring. Another benefit of gallbladder removal is the avoidance of drugs that are otherwise needed to treat pain, nausea and spasms associated with gallstone symptoms.

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