Coenzyme Q10, or CoQ10, is a compound naturally made by the human body that promotes cell growth and maintenance inside the mitochondria of the cells, according to WebMD. CoQ10 also acts as an antioxidant, protecting the DNA in cells from damaging chemicals called free radicals.
CoQ10 has been shown to be effective in treating chronic heart failure, high blood pressure and the early stages of age-related macular degeneration, reports Mayo Clinic. Because insufficient amounts of CoQ10 may be linked to breast cancer, studies show that the supplement is an effective addition to the treatment protocol. CoQ10 may prolong survival in end-stage cancer, and the blood level amount can act as a predictive agent when trying to determine the risk of progression in skin cancer patients.
Studies show that coenzyme Q10 can protect the heart from the toxic affects of certain chemotherapy drugs, states WebMD. It can also act as an immune system stimulator and is thus an important adjuvant therapy addition to many cancer treatments. As individuals age, coenzyme Q10 levels decrease in the tissue. Because the highest concentrations are found in the heart, liver and kidney tissues, supplementation in the elderly and applications for use in treating specific conditions such as heart disease, chest pain and asthma are promising, but more research is needed, notes Mayo Clinic.