One benefit of bromelain is that it reduces inflammation of the sinuses and the nose, according to MedlinePlus. It is especially effective after the nose has been injured or has undergone surgery. Bromelain also eases fever and ulcerative colitis.
Bromelain is also used for debridement, which is the removal of damaged or dead tissue after a severe burn, says MedlinePlus and the University of Maryland Medical Center. It also protects against pulmonary edema. It stimulates muscle contractions and shortens labor. It helps the body absorb antibiotics more effectively, prevents blood clotting and tumor growth and helps the body burn fat. It also helps prevent cancer. How effective bromelain is when it comes to these conditions is inconclusive, according to MedlinePlus.
There are claims that bromelain eases muscle soreness after strenuous exercise, says MedlinePlus. Studies show that bromelain is probably not effective for this. Other people use a supplement made from bromelain and trypsin to treat arthritis pain. Again, the evidence to prove this is insufficient.
Bromelain is the name of a group of enzymes that digest proteins, says the University of Maryland Medical Center. It is found in pineapples, but the regular eating of pineapples does not give a patient a therapeutic dose. Bromelain is taken in capsule or tablet form, and is used topically to treat burns.