A diet that does not include foods such as potatoes, tomatoes, greens, yogurt and fish can cause potassium deficiencies and cardiovascular health issues, according to Health.com. Low potassium is technically referred to as hypokalemia, as stated by Mayo Clinic.
A diet that is low in potassium can increase the risk of a stroke, notes Health.com. Potassium is a mineral that protects blood vessels from oxidative damage and ensures healthy circulation. In addition, it promotes a healthy nervous system. Even when dieting, it is important to consume approximately 4,700 milligrams of potassium daily. A person with low potassium may experience dehydration and should have electrolyte levels tested, explains MedicineNet. Those with naturally high blood pressure should also seek to have potassium levels checked, as blood pressure medication can deplete potassium levels.
Several conditions can lead to hypokalemia. These conditions include chronic kidney disease, excessive alcohol use, vomiting and certain antibiotic use. If you are experiencing any of these conditions, consult a medical expert before going on a diet. Common symptoms associated with low potassium include muscle weakness, muscle aches, muscle cramps and irregular heartbeats, notes MedicineNet. If seeking additional information relating to potassium levels, it is helpful to visit a medical professional and receive a routine blood test.