The basics of a healthy diet for someone with diabetes include eating standard healthy foods, monitoring calorie and carbohydrate intake, and eating substantial amounts of fiber, according to WebMD. Some doctors recommend using the glycemic index, which ranks how certain foods affect blood sugar.
There is no specific diet for people with diabetes, notes WebMD. People with diabetes should follow a standard healthy diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean meats, as well as beans and nuts. Portion control is an important factor.
Fiber is essential in a diabetic diet because it helps to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels, according to WebMD. Some foods that are rich in fiber include raspberries, bananas, rye bread and brown rice, states Mayo Clinic. Other excellent fiber sources include carrots, broccoli, lentils and almonds.
People with diabetes should speak to a dietitian, physician or diabetes educator to form an acceptable meal plan, recommends WebMD. The amount of calories that need to be gained or lost varies from person to person, and a professional can assist in recommending food choices and portion sizes.
As of 2015, many experts believe that sugar can be consumed in moderation as long as the person follows a healthy diet consistently, according to WebMD. Talking to a doctor before drinking alcohol is generally recommended, and alcohol should only be consumed in moderation.