According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, baseline assessment, or baseline testing, is a medical evaluation used by professionals to obtain general information about the present state of an individual's physical and mental health. Baseline assessments can be performed as routinely, annually or whenever a problem is suspected.
A baseline assessment is an evaluation of a person's health compared to others in the larger population. It does not serve the purpose of diagnosing or treating any medical conditions.
Baseline assessments or tests are routine procedures for students playing school sports. For students, baseline assessments consist of a basic physical and cognitive exam to assess factors such as balance, memory and concentration, which may influence the student's ability to play certain sports.