As of 2015, research has not shown diet or nutrition to change or prevent Barrett's esophagus, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. In patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, decreasing the fat in the diet and eating smaller, more frequent meals prevents symptoms.
Barrett's esophagus is a disease in which the tissue of the esophagus changes to resemble the tissue lining the small intestine, according to Mayo Clinic. Diagnosis of the condition is most common in patients who have a long history of GERD. However, only a small percentage of patients with GERD develop Barrett's esophagus. Barrett's esophagus increases the patient's chances of developing throat cancer. Regular monitoring of the condition for precancerous cells and removing them help prevent throat cancer.
Medication and lifestyle changes, including diet, are helpful in preventing GERD in patients with Barrett's esophagus that causes mild dysplasia, indicates Mayo Clinic. Eliminating foods and drinks that increase heartburn and maintaining a healthy weight are two effective measures. Patients find elevating the head of the bed, avoiding bending soon after eating, and waiting to lie down after eating reduce their chances of heartburn. Stopping smoking decreases the risk of GERD and throat cancer.
When Barrett's esophagus causes high-grade dysplasia, patients benefit from surgery and therapy to destroy damaged cells, Mayo Clinic reports. High-grade dysplasia is more likely to result in cancer.