Pain of the flank area can indicate arthritis, an infection of the spine, a spinal fracture, a kidney infection and kidney stones, according to Healthline. Other possible ailments include dehydration, a pinched back nerve and a kidney abscess. Most types of flank pain affect one side of the body more severely than the other. Common imaging scans, such as X-ray and ultrasound, can diagnose the causes of flank pain, while contrast dye can detect obstructions.Continue Reading
Any source of extreme, sudden pain in the flank area requires immediate medical attention, notes Healthline. While rest is the most common treatment for flank pain, kidney stones and kidney infections may require hospitalization. Drinking plenty of fluids and taking pain medication can help the patient to pass the kidney stones, although rare cases may require surgery. Lithotripsy can break apart particularly large or stubborn kidney stones with high-frequency sound waves before the kidney stones can pass through the ureter. For kidney infections, doctors sometimes prescribe intravenous antibiotics.
Arthritis of the spine is treatable with physical therapy and exercise, states Healthline. Anti-inflammatory medications reduce swelling and pain, while surgical evaluation is also an option. Infections of the spine can be very serious, and they frequently require hospitalization and antibiotics.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases