To avoid common gum problems such as gingivitis and periodontitis dentists recommend brushing with fluoride toothpaste twice daily, using an interdental cleaning tool such as floss to clean the middle areas of the teeth and gargling with an antiseptic mouth rinse twice per day, states WebMD. It is also essential to visit a dentist for regular check ups.
Prevention measures help prevent plaque accumulation and gum disease, notes WebMD. Dentists determine a personalized treatment plan depending on the presence of bacteria in the mouth or a person's family history of gum problems.
People who have higher chances of developing gum disease include diabetics, pregnant women and tobacco users, according to WebMD. Those who experience high stress levels, always grind their teeth or have a family history of gum disease are also at risk. It's important to manage these risk factors to maintain optimal oral health.
Gum disease typically begins in parts of the mouth that a person doesn't clean regularly, explains WebMD. Bacteria accumulate on the teeth and cause inflammation or gum swelling, also called gingivitis, which is a symptom of gum disease. Untreated gingivitis aggravates gum problems and causes inflammation and infection to reach the tissues supporting the affected teeth. When severe inflammation occurs, the teeth start to loosen and allow more bacteria to set in, eventually leading to periodontitis.