The most common treatments for cardiomegaly include addressing the underlying causes of the condition first. These causes can be drug and alcohol abuse, coronary artery disease, taking certain medications and hypertension, according to WebMD. Physicians typically treat the underlying causes before resorting to surgical procedures.
Some treatment options available for patients with cardiomegaly include the insertion of a pacemaker, medications to lower blood pressure, diuretics, anticoagulants, heart valve surgery and heart transplant surgery as a last resort, notes MDhealth.com. There are several things that patients with cardiomegaly can do at home to remain healthy including exercising daily, maintaining a healthy weight, staying in contact with their supervising physician and eating a diet low in saturated fats.