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What are some autoimmune disorders?

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Quick Answer

Some of the more common autoimmune disorders include rheumatoid arthritis, characterized by inflammation around the joints and surrounding tissues, and multiple sclerosis, which affects the brain and spinal cord, according to Healthline. All of these diseases happen as a result of the body's immune system attacking healthy tissue and organs.

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Full Answer

Another common autoimmune disorder is Type 1 diabetes, in which the body attacks and destroys the parts of the pancreas that produce insulin, states Healthline. Hashimoto's disease is characterized by inflammation around the thyroid gland, and Graves' disease is the name of an autoimmune condition that causes an overactive thyroid gland.

Celiac sprue disease is another autoimmune disorder that happens as a result of the body's reaction to eating food that contains gluten, which could result in damage to the small intestine, notes Healthline. Sjögren’s syndrome is a type of disorder that can cause damage to the organs. In this disease, the glands that produce tears and saliva are damaged, which results in dry mouth and eyes and sometimes results in damage to the lungs and kidneys.

Scleroderma affects connective tissue and may cause changes in internal organs, skin, muscles and blood vessels, explains Healthline. Psoriasis is another disease that could affect skin by causing redness, irritation and thick, flaky silver-white patches on the surface of the skin.

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