Assisted reproduction methods include the use of gestational carriers and surrogates, intrauterine insemination, and in vitro fertilization, explains the National Institutes of Health. Theoretical or experimental methods of having babies include human cloning and nuclear transfer, states Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.Continue Reading
There are two main types of surrogacy arrangements: gestational surrogacy and traditional surrogacy, notes the NIH. Surrogacy involves a woman carrying a pregnancy on behalf of intended parents. Gestational surrogacy involves the transfer of an embryo into a woman through in vitro fertilization so that the surrogate is not genetically related to the fetus. Traditional surrogacy entails a woman becoming pregnant either naturally or artificially so that she is genetically related to the fetus.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, a form of in vitro fertilization, helps when there are sperm-related infertility issues, states WebMD. During this process, doctors inject a single sperm into a mature egg, which is then placed into a woman's fallopian tubes or uterus. Through masturbation or a small incision in the testicle, doctors extract sperm and screen it for genetic defects. A woman undergoes two weeks of daily injections of gonadotropin or follicle-stimulating hormone in order to increase egg production. In a glass tube, the sperm is injected into the egg, and then put into the woman.Learn more about Childbirth