Someone suffering from severe post-concussion brain damage symptoms experiences cognitive, perceptual, physical and behavioral changes, notes WebMD. Memory loss, vision changes and extreme mental fatigue are all frequent. Neurological examinations, cognitive assessments, imaging and observation are all tests performed to assess the severity of a concussion, states Mayo Clinic.
Neurological examinations focus on vision, hearing, balance and coordination, according to Mayo Clinic. Cognitive assessments emphasize memory and concentration abilities. Imaging involves physical x-rays and medical opinions. Finally, general observation monitors bodily functions such as breathing, eating and sleeping. The extent of the brain damage after a concussion determines treatment options. Most of the time, physical therapy, occupational therapy, language therapy and psychological support are the recommended approaches, states WebMD. Prescription medication may also be required.
A concussion is a brain injury resulting from a significant blow to the head or body. The brain is surrounded by spinal fluid that acts as a barrier between the skull, explains WebMD. A major blow to the head can cause the brain to penetrate through this barrier and collide with the skull, potentially resulting in a concussion. In some instances, no visual indications of a concussion are apparent other than minor cuts and bruises. Depending on the severity, associated symptoms may last from a few hours to months.