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How is Asperger's syndrome diagnosed?

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Asperger's syndrome is diagnosed on the basis of physical and neurological exams after symptoms are detected, WebMD states. Many people with Asperger's syndrome suffer coordination issues and low muscle tone. Even without these physical signs, specialists such as pediatric neurologists or psychologists may be able to diagnose the condition. There are no definitive medical tests for diagnosing the syndrome.

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Asperger's syndrome is a type of developmental disorder that hinders a person's ability to socialize with others, WebMD explains. This usually manifests as a high level of social awkwardness and difficulty making friends, as well as difficulty making eye contact and interpreting body language or gestures. Other symptoms include unusual ritualized behavior, a very limited range of interests and strange repetitive movements. People with Asperger's syndrome are usually of normal intelligence but may show a particular talent on one area such as music or math.

There is no cure for Asperger's syndrome, but several treatments can improve a person's ability to function and lessen unwanted behaviors, says WebMD. These treatments include speech therapy, special education classes, occupational therapy and social skills therapies. While no medication treats Asperger's syndrome itself, medications such as anti-anxiety medication or antidepressants can help deal with the emotional problems that arise from this disorder.

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