Aspartame is one of the six United States Food and Drug Administration-approved artificial sweeteners recommended by the National Diabetes Association. In addition, they recommend the other five, which are acesulfame potassium, saccharin, sucralose, neotame and advantame.
Aspartame is a low-calorie sugar substitute which was first created in 1965. It is sweeter than sugar by approximately 200 times, and unlike the other artificial sweeteners on the FDA-approved list, it does not pass through the body undigested, but is broken down into methanol, aspartic acid, amino acids and phenylalanine.
Aspartame and the other FDA-approved sweeteners are recommended by the American Diabetes Society as a way for diabetics to curb their cravings for sweets without endangering their health.