An artificial family planning method is any unnatural technique that is used to prevent conception. Artificial family planning methods include barrier methods: contraceptive sponge, diaphragm, cervical cap and cervical shield, and condoms; hormonal methods: vaginal ring, patch, injection and pills; implantable devices; and permanent sterilization, according to WomensHealth.gov.
Natural methods of family planning include continuous abstinence, in which one avoids sex completely, and natural rhythm, in which the woman avoids sex during the unsafe days when she is having her menstrual period, as described by WomensHealth.gov. Artificial methods of family methods prevent the ovum from meeting the sperm. This is achieved by either preventing release of the ovum from the ovaries or blocking the sperm from reaching the ovum. For example, the contraceptive sponge contains a spermicide that kills the sperm, while the diaphragm, condoms, and cervical caps and shields bar the sperm from entering the cervix to fertilize the egg. Hormonal methods, such as the implantable rod, hormonal intrauterine devices, oral contraceptives and shots or injections, produce hormones progestin and estrogen that prevent the ovaries from releasing ova in most women
If a woman opts to never conceive, she can opt for essure, which is a nonsurgical method of blocking the fallopian tube, notes WomensHealth.gov. A person of either gender who does not want children can undergo surgical sterilization.