Arthroscopy of the knee joint is a surgery that involves insertion of a small camera called an arthroscope into the knee joint. Doctors often make small incisions into the knee joint and use small surgical tools to operate while viewing enlarged images taken by the arthroscope, notes the United States National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus.
Arthroscopy is a type of surgery that may be used when individuals experience certain types of knee problems. When an individual suffers from a torn meniscus, this surgery may be performed to either remove or repair the damage. When the kneecap is misaligned, the surgery may equally be effective.
Other conditions that may require an arthroscopy of the knee include damaged anterior cruciate ligament, little pieces of broken cartilage in the knee joint, certain types of knee bone fractures and Baker's cysts.
Individuals that go through an arthroscopic surgery often recover fully after a few months. However, if the damage suffered is too severe full recovery may take a longer period of time. Possible complications that may arise during this surgery include allergic reactions to medicines, bleeding, infections and problems with breathing.
The procedure often lasts less than an hour and is minimally invasive. Patients that are operated on may be discharged on the same day, notes Healthline.