An arthroscopic knee repair is a surgical procedure that uses a small camera to look inside of the knee, according to MedlinePlus. Surgery tools are then used to make cuts and fix issues within the knee. Recovery for this procedure is typically fast depending on the problem remedied.
Arthroscopic knee repair treats certain bone fractures in the knee, a torn meniscus, Baker’s cyst, a damaged or torn anterior cruciate ligament and a misaligned kneecap, explains MedlinePlus. Doctors also use it to treat the posterior cruciate ligament, broken cartilage in the knee and damaged or swollen lining in the knee joint. Local, spinal or general anesthesia along with femoral nerve block are used during this surgery. The surgeon pumps saline into the knee after the small cuts are made and inserts the tiny camera. A video monitor allows the surgeon to see inside the knee so that he can fix any problems.
The surgeon drains the saline from the knee at the end of the surgery, closes the cuts with stitches and covers them with a dressing, states MedlinePlus. Pictures are often taken after surgery so that the patient can view what was done. Risks for this surgery include knee stiffness; bleeding into the knee; injury to a nerve or blood vessel; damaged cartilage, ligaments or meniscus; infection; or a blood clot in the leg. A patient typically must not to eat or drink anything six to 12 hours after the procedure, and he must take required medicines with a small drink of water.