Only large aortic aneurysms require a surgical procedure, explains WebMD. Doctors recommend hypertension medications, such as beta-blockers, to treat small aneurysms because they rarely burst. Medications work by reducing blood pressure in the aortic wall.
During the surgical procedure for a large aneurysm, the doctor repairs the damaged part of the blood vessel, notes WebMD. Patients with a small aneurysm who don't undergo a surgery require regular ultrasound tests to monitor the size of the aneurysm. These patients are likely to develop heart conditions even if an aneurysm does not burst or grow. Doctors suggest stopping smoking, exercising and eating a healthy diet, and they may prescribe cholesterol-lowering drugs.