Aortic aneurysms below 5.5 centimeters in size may require non-surgical treatments that help reduce the risk of bleeding. In such situations, a doctor may advise the patient to stop smoking and prescribe medications to help lower cholesterol levels and hypertension. It is only after a diagnosis that the doctor will be able to determine if a person needs surgery.
If surgery is not needed, regular doctor visits may be required to monitor the size of the aneurysm through ultrasound scanning, as stated by National Health Service. Smaller aneurysms, usually less than 2.5 centimeters in diameter, are not at a high risk of rupturing. Medications, such as beta blockers, may be used to treat such conditions. These medications help to reduce the rate at which the aneurysms grow. It is necessary to monitor this condition while the aneurysms are still small to avoid surgery.
Typically, the risks of going for a surgical operation due to an enlarged aneurysm outweigh the benefits. Taking medication to reduce cholesterol levels has not been proved to help reduce aneurysms but helps improve the patient's life in general, states WebMD. A doctor may advise a person to make several lifestyle changes to help manage the condition.