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What antibiotics are used to manage diverticulitis?

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To manage diverticulitis, a doctor can prescribe a regimen of antibiotics that include a combination of ciprofloxacin and metronizadole, moxiflaxacin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for outpatient treatment, reports Medscape. For severe diverticulitis or if outpatient treatments fail, a person may need to be hospitalized. Treatment options can involve giving the patient antibiotics like ampicillin/sulbactam cefotaxime or levofloxacin, according to Medscape.

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Diverticulitis is a medical condition in which small pouches form in the colon walls and when stool gets trapped in them bacterial growth can cause an inflammation or infection in these pouches, relates WebMD. The pouches are called diverticula. Diverticulitis can be a painful condition that can present other symptoms like diarrhea, fever and constipation.

Depending on the specific symptoms, diverticulitis can be classified as either uncomplicated or complicated, states the Mayo Clinic. The treatment options also will depend on the specific diverticulitis type. Uncomplicated diverticulitis may be treated with oral antibiotics and other at home treatments, while the complicated form may require intravenous antibiotics in a hospital setting.

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