Some common antibiotics used to treat urinary tract infections include sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, amoxicillin, nitrofurantoin, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin, according to Mayo Clinic. The doctor will choose which medication is best for the patient's individual health, depending upon the type of bacterium found in the urine.
As with most antibiotics, it is recommended to continue the complete antibiotic treatment for a urinary tract infection, even if the symptoms have cleared up. This is especially important for patients whose urinary tract infection clears up within a few days, which is possible with someone who is otherwise healthy. For healthier patients who are more likely to heal quicker, a doctor can prescribe a shorter antibiotic regimen. Since a urinary tract infection can be quite painful, a doctor can also prescribe pain medications that help to numb the pain in the bladder and urethra.
For patients who suffer from frequent urinary tract infections, there are certain treatment options available to treat and detect the symptoms, as noted by Mayo Clinic. Longer antibiotic courses can help to treat frequent urinary tract infections, and home urine tests can help patients to detect n infection in the earlier stages. If the infection is detected early, a shorter antibiotic course may help to treat it. For female patients who are more likely to develop urinary tract infections during or after menopause, vaginal estrogen therapy may help.