Some antibiotics for gum disease include clindamycin, doxycycline, metronidazole and penicillin, according to WebMD. Doctors also prescribe antimicrobials to treat gum disease, including chlorhexidine gluconate. All of these medications can reverse gum disease and allow the gums to heal.
Dentists prescribe these medications in a number of forms to treat the gums, explains WebMD. These medications may go directly onto the gums, they may be in pill or capsule form or may be a mouthwash. There are also toothpastes with antibacterial ingredients, and the medication choice depends on the severity of the gum disease. To get the full effect of a medication, a patient must use it in conjunction with good oral health habits, including brushing and flossing.
Though there may be side effects of these medications, in most cases patients find the benefits outweigh the negative effects, claims WebMD. If side effects are present, it is possible these effects may subside over time. If the side effects are too difficult, a patient should contact a doctor to determine if it is a good idea to still take the medication. There may be an alternative medication, or the doctor may lower the dose, but patients should not stop taking an antibiotic without first speaking with the doctor.