Antibiotics used to treat bronchitis include the generic drugs amoxicillin, azithromycin, amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium, cefixime, and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, according to Drugs.com. The brand names for the antibiotics include Amoxil, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Augmentin, Ceftin and Bactrim. Antibiotics kill bacteria in the body.
Studies show antibiotics prescribed for acute bronchitis may cause patients to develop antibiotic resistance and to suffer other side effects, according to WebMD. Cefixime, a cephalosporin antibiotic, may increase the risk of side effects in patients taking warfarin and other anticoagulants. Patients with kidney or liver problems should consult their doctor before taking cefixime, amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium, or sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim to avoid adverse reactions, according to Drugs.com.