Anovulatory bleeding, called metrorrhagia, is bleeding from the uterus in between menstrual periods. While this is a common problem for women, it can be a sign of endometriosis, adhesions, stress, cancer and other issues.
If a woman is suffering from metrorrhagia, she may want to visit with a health care provider. There, she may have an endometrial biopsy, an ultrasound scan, a sonohysterogram, a hysteroscopy or a hysterosalpingography. These different tests can help identify the issue behind the anovulatory bleeding.
Causes of anovulatory bleeding range from simple issues such as dry vaginal walls to medication use. Other causes could include cancer of the cervix, uterus or vagina, fibroids, erosion of the cervix, polyps, hormonal imbalances, the use of an IUD, adhesions, chronic medical problems such as thyroid imbalances or diabetes or stress. With testing, a gynecologist should be able to pinpoint the cause of the bleeding.
According to Core Physicians, blood testing may also be used to help identify the cause of this irregular bleeding. Once the cause is identified, it may be treated. In some cases, this could include a D&C, a hysterectomy or a hysteroscopy. If cancer is the underlying cause, anticancer drugs, radiation therapy or surgery may be completed to stop it from spreading.