The only method to treat an aneurysm is surgical repair, which is often a risky but highly effective procedure, according to WebMD. In some cases, however, surgery is impossible, so doctors try drug therapy and monitor the situation.
To determine the best course of treatment for an aneurysm, a doctor usually looks at the location, size and type by using a number of imaging techniques, claims WebMD. If surgical treatment is not an option for the aneurysm, people must take drugs that reduce blood pressure and lower the force of the contractions of the heart. These drugs minimize the risk of the aneurysm rupturing. Even if surgery is an option for treating a particular aneurysm, a doctor may have a patient undergo drug therapy first, with testing to track the growth of the aneurysm.
As the aneurysm grows and becomes more dangerous, surgery is the only option in most cases, states WebMD. The surgery consists of the surgeon inserting a small clip to cut off the blood flow to the area with the aneurysm. A surgeon may also remove an aneurysm and replace it with a graft.
Maintaining a healthy weight, stopping smoking and exercising regularly reduce the risk of aneurysms, explains WebMD. People more at risk for aneurysms include those with a family history of stroke or heart attack. Controlling blood pressure is also extremely important in the prevention of aneurysms.