According to the Mayo Clinic, lactation outside of pregnancy or breastfeeding, or galactorrhea, is usually caused by an abnormal excess of the hormone prolactin, which normally stimulates milk production. This, in turn, can have several causes, including drug use, certain herbs, pituitary tumors, hypothyroidism or excessive breast stimulation. Galactorrhea can also manifest without any known cause or in response to injuries of the breast or spinal cord.Continue Reading
The Mayo Clinic states that galactorrhea is not, in itself, a cause for alarm. This is particularly the case if it is accompanied by the use of birth control pills, prescribed opiates, antidepressants, antipsychotics or blood pressure controlling drugs. If hormone levels are not raised, it may just be due to the variability of sensitivity to prolactin in different individuals.
According to the Mayo Clinic, even those who are unable to become pregnant, including men and newborns, can sometimes experience abnormal milk production. In men, it's a sign of testosterone insufficiency, especially if it's accompanied by breast enlargement, tenderness and a decrease in libido. In newborns, this is typically a result of the connection between mother and child. While in the womb, the newborn is exposed to high levels of maternal estrogen, which can cause some breast development and milk production.Learn more about Women's Health
Although hormone replacement therapy is the most effective treatment for severe menopausal symptoms such as insomnia, night sweats, hot flashes and extreme mood swings, some women have an increased risk for breast or uterine cancer when using HRT, reports WebMD. HRT lowers the risk of osteoporosis in many women, but it increases the risks of stroke and heart attack. A woman with a genetic predisposition for cardiovascular disease, breast cancer and blood clots is not a good candidate for HRT.Full Answer >
Advantages of hormone replacement therapy after a hysterectomy include fewer symptoms of menopause, lower risk of heart disease and an increase in bone density, explains WebMD. Disadvantages include complications with current medical problems, such as liver disease or breast cancer, and a higher risk of blood clots and other heart-related problems.Full Answer >
Some side effects of hormone replacement therapy include headaches, acne, nervousness, diarrhea and nausea. Hormone therapy often refers to estrogen or a combination of estrogen and progesterone treatment, according to MedicineNet.Full Answer >
You cannot have an luteinizing hormone surge and ovulate on the same day. According to WebMD, LH increases rapidly shortly before ovulation. Ovulation occurs around 36 hours after the LH surge.Full Answer >