Alternatives to statins, medications that lower cholesterol, include a cholesterol absorption inhibitor, bile acid resins and niacin, according to Healthline. Another way to lower cholesterol is through diet modification, such as reducing the amount of saturated fat and increasing the amount of fiber consumed.
Ezetimibe is a cholesterol absorption inhibitor and an alternative to statins because it works by blocking the absorption of cholesterol in the gastrointestinal tract, which results in less cholesterol in the bloodstream, explains Healthline. Bile acid resins bind to bile in the intestines and block cholesterol absorption, but are not as effective. Niacin can help lower bad cholesterol in the bloodstream, while increasing good cholesterol.