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How does alopecia treatment work?

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Alopecia treatment involves the use of medications such as corticosteroids, topical contact allergens and Rogaine, states WebMD. Also known as hair loss, alopecia is not curable, but treatment potentially helps hair to grow back. In some cases, the hair may grow back on its own.

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Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory drugs used for autoimmune diseases, and they can be applied topically as cream, taken orally as a pill, or given as an injection into the scalp, notes WebMD. A doctor prescribes topical contact allergens for alopecia that is widespread or recurring. These drugs cause inflammation, which helps in hair regrowth. Also known as minoxidil, Rogaine is effective for both adults and children, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. A patient applies Rogaine to the scalp twice a day, and results start to appear in about three months.

Any person can develop alopecia, but people who have a relative with the condition have a higher risk. Regrowth of hair when using medication depends on how the immune system reacts. In some cases, a patient may experience hair loss even when using medications, says the American Academy of Dermatology. Also, patients experience different results after using the medication, and it is not possible to predict the results. Regrowth of widespread hair loss is less likely.

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