According to WebMD, trigeminal neuralgia, a neuropathic condition that is characterized by chronic and severe pain in the face, can be relieved by antiepileptic medications such as Klonopin (clonazepam), Neurontin (gabapentin), Depakote (divalproex sodium) or Tegretol (carbamazepine). Antidepressant drugs are also reported to provide pain relief from trigeminal neuralgia.
There are alternative treatment methods such as acupuncture, meditation, hypnosis and chiropractic care, which patients claim are effective in dealing with trigeminal neuralgia. If medications and alternative methods are deemed ineffective, patients can opt to undergo neurosurgical procedures instead.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke states that trigeminal neuralgia is primarily a manifestation of pressure or compressive force on the trigeminal nerve, which is one of the head's most largely distributed nerves. The said pressure is usually brought about by tangled blood vessels, trauma or injury, and tumor growth.
The pain associated with this disorder is commonly shock-like and excruciating. However, Mayo Clinic reports that there is a difference in the pain occurrence of trigeminal neuralgia. For instance, there is the classic trigeminal neuralgia, which is characterized by sudden yet severe pain episodes that occur in succession for about two hours. Each episode can last for a few seconds to a full two minutes. The atypical trigeminal neuralgia, often mistaken as dental pain, is less severe and can occur as a constant stabbing or burning pain.