Alcoholic liver disease occurs after many years of hard drinking, not specifically alcohol poisoning, according to MedlinePlus. Any type of alcohol abuse can cause liver disease, and over time, scarring of the liver and cirrhosis may occur, which is the final stage of alcoholic liver disease.
Alcoholic liver disease has varying symptoms, and many people do not have symptoms during the early stages of the disease, explains MedlinePlus. Digestive symptoms of alcoholic liver disease include swelling or pain in the abdomen, weight loss, fatigue and bleeding in the esophagus. Skin symptoms of alcoholic liver disease include yellowing of the skin or eyes, redness of the hands or feet, itching and red spider veins. Nervous system symptoms include fainting, numbness in the legs or feet and problems with memory, thinking and mood.
To diagnose alcoholic liver disease, a doctor may perform tests including a liver biopsy, complete blood count and liver function tests, states MedlinePlus. There are also tests that can rule out alcoholic liver disease such as a CT scan, ultrasound or performing blood tests to diagnose another type of liver disease. The treatment for alcoholic liver disease is to stop drinking immediately. If a person does not yet have cirrhosis, it is possible for the liver to heal on its own after a person stops drinking.