After gallbladder surgery, the bile produced by the liver is no longer stored in the body but drains directly into the small intestine, causing loose stools. Living without a gallbladder does not cause major disadvantages for most people, but foregoing surgery often causes complications, according to PubMed Health.
Because the bile is no longer stored, people sometimes note an urgency to empty the bowel more often than before surgery, explains PubMed Health. For most people, this side effect along with diarrhea is often temporary.
In rare instances, people continue to form gallstones in the bile duct, notes WebMD. In some of these cases, the stones form years after removal of the gallbladder. Patients do not require any special diets after surgery.
When a person has an acute gallbladder attack, the doctor admits him to a hospital where the staff administers antibiotics, states PubMed Health. As the person heals from the inflammation of the gallbladder, he has limited or no food intake but receives nutrients through an intravenous drip. Because of the risk of complications from the acute attack, the person normally has surgery to remove the gallbladder within three days of the diagnosis. People who wait beyond three days often return for emergency surgery before the gallbladder has a chance to heal from the initial attack.