Q:

What aftercare is needed following stem cell transplantation?

A:

Quick Answer

After stem cell transplantation, a patient must avoid undercooked food especially raw vegetables, meat and fish, according to MedlinePlus. Similarly, patients need to drink safe water and store food safely.

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Full Answer

Patients are required to wash their hands thoroughly, especially after visiting the toilet, before cooking or eating, and after changing a baby’s diaper, as stated by Mayo Clinic. In addition, one must use soap and water to wash hands after being outdoors and after touching mucus, blood or any other body fluid.

Stem cell transplantation is also called bone marrow transplant. Doctors inject healthy stem cells in the body of a person whose stem cells are diseased or are damaged, as claimed by Mayo Clinic. The procedure is also performed when radiation therapy and chemotherapy is heavily administered to treat sickle cell anemia, leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma.

Following the process, recovering patients need to brush teeth three times a day with fluoride toothpaste, and rinse the mouth with a mixture of baking soda and salt, according to MedlinePlus. In addition,they must avoid all high-sugar foods and drinks.

Patients of stem cell transplantation are advised to keep their houses clean, avoid crowds, and avoid handling flowers and pet’s litter boxes, as stated by MedlinePlus. More importantly, they are required to call a doctor in the event of bloody diarrhea, inability to feed, severe vomiting, nausea, lack of appetite, jaundice and pain in the abdomen.

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