The adverse effects of cystoscopy include urethral puncture, urethra swelling and infections of the bladder. Urethra infection and puncture are some of the serious complications that a patient may experience because they can be life-threatening, says WebMD. Fortunately, infections and puncture can be stopped using prescribed medicine and surgical procedures.
In general, cystoscopy is a safe medical procedure and does not have an effect on the sexual functionality of the patient. Still, patients may report urethra swelling, urinary tract infections, and bladder or urethra, according to WebMD. Urinary infections are probably the most serious because in some situations, they can spread to the rest of the body and threaten the life of the patient. Fortunately, the infection can be stopped through the ingestion of medicine prescribed by a physician. In addition, urethra puncture is a serious effect of cystoscopy, and there are possibilities that a doctor recommends surgery to correct the complication.
Some of the common experiences after the process include the need to urinate regularly, colored urine, pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen, and a burning effect when and after urinating, notes WebMD. Physicians recommend that the patients should keep themselves hydrated to improve their symptoms more rapidly.