The main advantage of in vitro fertilization, or IVF, is that it allows women with serious reproductive issues to have their own biological children, according to the American Pregnancy Association. It helps women with ovulation disorders, blocked or removed fallopian tubes or other fertility problems to conceive children.
In vitro fertilization also helps with male infertility, due to low sperm count or low sperm motility, states the American Pregnancy Association. Couples who are concerned about genetic disorders can have the embryo tested before implantation, minimizing the risk of the baby having a genetic disorder or chromosomal abnormality, states Penn Medicine.
Women who conceive through in vitro fertilization do not have to worry about unplanned, multiple births or giving birth to triplets or quadruplets, states the Advanced Fertility Center of Chicago. With in vitro fertilization, the doctor only inserts the agreed upon number of embryos into the woman's uterus.
In vitro fertilization is becoming increasingly effective. While only 5.3 percent of women had a live birth from in vitro fertilization in 1985, that number has increased to 30 percent in 2009, states the Advanced Fertility Center of Chicago. While the chance of success decreases as a woman ages, women under the age of 35 have a 41 to 43 percent chance of a live birth through in vitro fertilization, states the American Pregnancy Association.