Antibiotics are advantageous because they combat infections preserve lives and do not harm normal body cells, but they are disadvantageous because they have side effects and can kill healthy bacteria. About.com also notes that harmful microorganisms, such as Staphylococcus aureus, can develop a resistance to antibiotics. Bacteria develop resistance through gene mutation, which alters their cell walls.Continue Reading
Most antibiotics are affordable, easy to administer and effective against a wide range of harmful bacteria. They also have wide applications, such as food preservation, stimulation of growth and treating diseases that are caused by animals, according to Wikipedia. However, they can cause complications, such as yeast infections. Additionally, the overuse of antibiotics increases the incidence of bacterial infections, according to About.com. Furthermore, most antibiotics contain sulfa, which may cause allergic reactions. Common side effects of antibiotics include sensitivity to light, indigestion, nausea, diarrhea and discomfort.
SRS Pharmaceuticals notes that antibiotics act by killing or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are recommended when there is bacterial resistance to narrow-spectrum antibiotics, but SRS Pharmaceuticals also points out that broad-spectrum antibiotics increase the risk of developing childhood asthma. Examples of broad-spectrum antibiotics include Amoxicillin, Levofloxacin, Gatifloxacillin, Streptomycin, Tetracycline and Chloramphenicol.
Penicillin, which was discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming, was the first antibiotic to be used. About.com reveals that antibiotics should not be used to treat flu, sore throat and common cold because these are viral infections.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
Examples of antibiotics used to treat an upper respiratory infection include Augmentin, Keflex, Ceftin, Zithromax, penicillin VK, Septra and Bactrim, according to Drugs.com. The type of antibiotic used for a URI is determined by a patient's medication allergies, if any, and whether the patient has additional illnesses.Full Answer >
Antibiotic resistance occurs when microorganisms that cause diseases become resilient and can generate ways to resist the antibiotics. This makes the antibiotics lose the ability to fight bacteria and other foreign invaders.Full Answer >
Doctors often prescribe antibiotics such as vancomycin, clindamycin, erythromycin, tetracycline or cephalosporins to treat bowel infections, according to Medscape. The choice of antibiotic depends on the type of infection and the severity of illness.Full Answer >
Ciprofloxacin is a drug in the quinolone class of antibiotics and works by stopping bacterial growth, according to WebMD. It is commonly used to treat or prevent anthrax, reports MedlinePlus.Full Answer >