What are the advantages of artificial insemination in humans?


Quick Answer

The major benefit of artificial insemination is that it helps to overcome problems related to conceiving. Fresh semen can be obtained from another male donor in case of an impotent husband. Artificial insemination can also be used by couples when the man suffers from a hereditary or genetic disorder.

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Full Answer

Artificial insemination is a reproduction technique used to introduce semen into a woman’s vagina, cervix, uterus or fallopian tubes without sexual intercourse. This method is predominantly used in animal breeding as well as in humans when a man is sterile or impotent, or when one of the partners suffers from unknown infertility. Women who are unable to conceive under natural reproduction can be impregnated using this method to be able to bear children. Artificial insemination is also beneficial for single women who wish to have children while remaining single. Impregnation of a female through AI may also be used by men or women in same-sex relationships who wish to have children of their own.

The sperm used during AI are cleaned and tested for genetic disorders, and therefore there are minimal chances of such disorders being transmitted from parent to child. AI is cheaper and closer to natural reproduction compared with other methods of assisted reproduction, including in vitro fertilization. AI helps to pass on desirable characteristics of a male more quickly.

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